Or, the sex/gender difference which can be not just one?
(This post includes research from my graduate that is excellent assistant Lucia Lykke.)
Not long ago I had been corrected by another sociologist: “Phil – ‘female’ and ‘male’ refer to sex that is one’s perhaps perhaps perhaps not gender.”
Feminists — including feminist sociologists — have made progress that is important drawing the conceptual distinction between intercourse and gender, with intercourse the biological and gender the social groups. With this, possibly, we could observe that gendered behavior wasn’t just a manifestation of sex groups — related to your term “sex roles” — but a socially-constructed collection of methods layered in addition to a crude base that is biological.
Lucia notifies me we could date this to Simone de Beauvoir in the next Intercourse. In 1949 she published:
It seems, then, that each feminine person is certainly not a lady; to be therefore considered she must share for the reason that mystical and threatened truth referred to as femininity.
Later on, she included, “One isn’t created, but alternatively becomes, a lady.” And also this is exactly what Judith Butler put down whilst the base of the gender/sex difference, calling it “the distinguished contribution of Simone de Beauvoir’s formulation”: